Hardwood flooring is a product of nature that offers qualities and character like no other floor material. Every board within your floor is different; there will be variation in colour, grain, and density of each piece of wood.
There are many advantages to Hardwood including the timeless beauty and character and natural warmth. Hardwood is easy to care for and is hypo-allergenic; not harbouring dust and dander. Your hardwood will always carry an investment value towards your home. Understanding hardwood is a commitment to yourself that will keep the hardwood looking naturally beautiful for many years to come.
Wood Floor Construction/Categories
Solid Wood is milled directly from raw lumber into individual strips or a length is considered solid wood.
Usually, solid strip/plank flooring is nailed to a wood substrate, such as the plywood or OSB that span your floor joists.
Solid Wood can be used on or above grade only and is not recommended for use in bathrooms with showers/tub because the hardwood will exceed its’ tolerance of moisture, causing the floor to fail.
Local conditions such as humidity, quality of subfloor, and temperature will have an impact on the performance of solid wood floors. Humidity should be maintained between 35%-55% depending on the species of wood and amount of wood in the home.
During the dry winter season, you can expect minor gapping to occur between the boards, as the wood contracts and releases moisture into the air.
During the spring and summer months, increased humidity in the environment will cause the wood to swell, and the floor will expand as it gains moisture.
This normal movement is common to all wood species to varying degrees.
Engineered wood is comprised of layers of wood pressed together, similar to plywood construction. The grains of each layer are turned 90 degrees, increasing the dimensional stability of the product.
Engineered wood is 9% more stable than solid wood.
Engineered wood floors are installed in those areas of the home where solid wood flooring is not suitable. These areas include basements (below grade), radiant heat floors, and installation directly to concrete with the use of a vapour barrier or underpad.
Engineered products will expand and contract less than solid wood floors during fluctuations in humidity and temperature. During the extremely dry months in Alberta, minor gapping can still be expected.
Local conditions such as humidity, quality of subfloor, and temperature will have an impact on the performance of engineered wood floors. Humidity should be maintained between 35%-55% depending on the species of wood and amount of wood in the home.
Maintenance and Care
Evolution Flooring recommends that a humidifier is installed in the home before the hardwood is delivered in order to properly acclimate the wood to the designated area of installation.
Bringing out the best in your hardwood floor is easy. The following recommendations are based on manufacturer’s directions:
Use a designated hardwood specific cleaner that does not contain oil, wax, silicone or plastic.
Vacuum or sweep the dust from the hardwood. Then, mist the floor with your Hardwood Floor Cleaner. Clean with a soft pad and change often to avoid streaking.
Evolution Flooring recommends and endorses the use of the Bona Hardwood Floor Cleaner. Bona features an environmentally certified, non-toxic cleaner that is safe for your wood, children and pets.
Clean spills immediately; hardwood acts as a sponge to moisture and will absorb any fluids that are allowed to sit still on the surface. Exceeding a 60% moisture level may cause the wood to buckle.
Furniture protectors and felt pads are highly recommended. Furniture will leave indentations in the wood if left unprotected.
Drop mats at doorways and entrances will collect initial debris.
Damage done by Pets is not covered under the manufacturer’s warranty or Evolution Flooring’s labour warranty.
Objects dropped, stones in the soles of shoes and pet nails will damage the hardwood floor.
Less than 15% humidity in a home will cause hardwood to splinter and pull apart or known as checking.
The use of a humidifier will minimize the natural dimensional changes that occur seasonally to hardwood flooring.
Manufacturers will not warranty a hardwood floor if the humidity level in the environment is not managed between 35%-55%.